Whitby High School
Battlefields Tour 18-21st March 2006
Tyne Cot Cemetery
| The name is said to have been given
by men of the Northumbrian Fusiliers who fought here in 1917, who saw a
similarity between a nearby ruined barn and cottages in Tyneside. A
cluster of five German pillboxes stood here - just below the crest of the
Passchendaele ridge. Immediately in front of the pillboxes was a low lying
area that contained some of the worst and deepest mud in the Saiient. The
position fell to Australian troops on 4th October 1917.
As the fighting moved towards Passchendaele village, the pillboxes were used as advanced dressing stations, and it was around these that the original battlefield cemetery of 300 burials grew. Tyne Cot lies less than 1 kilometre from Passchendaele and it took the Allies another month to cover the distance. The site grew steadily in the 1920's as small battlefield cemeteries were closed down and the burials moved here, and as bodies were recovered from the battlefields as they were cleared. This latter point explains the unusually high proportion of unidentified burials.
|Today Tyne Cot is the biggest British military cemetery in the world, with 11,956 burials. The panels in the back wall hold the names of 34,888 missing. The two forward (fighting) pillboxes can be seen to the left and right of the entrance. The central (command) box was incorporated into the Cross of Sacrifice, at the suggestion of King George V who visited the site in 1992. The two rear (rest) boxes form the foundations of classical pavilions on either side of the rear wall. The original burials are the less regularly arranged rows above the Cross of Sacrifice. The cemetery was designed by Sir Herbert Baker.|
The entrance to one of the circular Memorial Walls
Holly finds one of the Bousfield brothers off the Ellesmere Port War Memorial here at Tyne Cot. Tragically there were three brothers who did not return home. Here, the body of this Bousfield brother was never recovered, hence his inclusion on the Memorial Wall. Below you can see part of the extensive list of the Cheshire Regiment.
Craig and Mark locate two more EllesmerePort Cheshires on the Memorial Wall listed on the Ellesmere Port War Memorial back home.
(see the menu link on the left for more information on this study)
Regimented in death as in life.
A thoughtful photograph by Holly.
Despite several previous visits, Mr Royden still finds it difficult to take it all in.
Yet another unidentified soldier - "Known Unto God"